Trends in Thai Urban Planning 2021, through Visualizations
A compilation of visualizations I’ve created at Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council of Thailand (NESDC) for enacted plans, speeches, and public forums related to urban planning, during 2017 – present. Most of them were presented in Thai, please see English captions below the maps.
2021 content from World Town Planning Day 2020’s conference: ‘Wellness City Transformation’ (November 6, 2020)
Futurizing Thailand in Futurizing Thailand Forum 2018, Chiang Mai, Thailand – the talk was presented by NESDC Senior Advisor in July 2018. The presentation slides can be downloaded below.
City for All in ASA Real Estate Forum 2019, Bangkok, Thailand – the talk was presented by NESDC Senior Advisor on November 8, 2019. The presentation slides can be downloaded below.
The National Strategy B.E. 2561 – 2580 (2018 – 2037)
The National Strategy B.E. 2561 – 2580 (2018 – 2037) is the plan with highest hierarchy of Thailand. The purpose is to set the country’s long-term development directions. The plan is divided into 6 aspects: national security, competitiveness, human capital, inequality, sustainable growth, and governance. Urban development is addressed in Master Plan under National Strategy Book 6: Smart Livable Cities and Book 9: Special Economic Zones.
Book 6: Smart Livable Cities – is directly related to country’s competitiveness, inequality reduction, and sustainable growth.
Book 9: Special Economic Zones – is mainly focused on cities in the zones is directly related to country’s competitiveness while indirectly related to human capital development, inequality reduction, and sustainable growth.
The following diagram shows their relationships to the National Strategy.
Key Factors of Achieving the Plan
12th National Economic and Social Development Plan B.E. 2561 – 2565 (2018 – 2022)
National Economic and Social Development Plans B.E. 2561 – 2565 (2018 – 2022) is a 5-year national plan focusing on economic and social development. Urban development is the 9th strategy mentioned in the plan addressing major guidelines and specific guidelines for the targeted areas. After the enactment of National Strategy Act, the plan is required to comply with the National Strategy.
National Charter on Urban Development (Thai: กฎบัตรการพัฒนาเมือง) is a new urban development tool designed to open the floor for city-stakeholders’ discussion. Using the framework, city stakeholders, not lmited to public sector, are invited to create shared vision(s) of their city under Smart Growth principles. It is proposed by Mr. Thapana Bunyapravitra and endorsed by Thailand Science Research and Innovation (TSRI). National Charter is a technique fairly used in North America and European countries.